(a Charitable Incorporated Organisation with voting members other than its charity trustees)
Based on the Charity Commission “Association” Model Constitution.
Date of constitution: 17 December 2013 (as amended 25 June 2015)
The name of the Charitable Incorporated Organisation (“the CIO”) is: The Friends of the City Churches.
The principal office of the CIO is in England.
The objects of the CIO are to preserve and protect for the public benefit:
(i) Churches and chapels of architectural and/or historic interest situated in the City of London, whether belonging to or formerly used by the Church of England or any other body.
(ii) The monuments, fittings, fixtures, organs, stained glass, furniture, ornaments and chattels of any such church or chapel and their united parishes.
(iii) The churchyard and burial ground belonging or formerly belonging to any such church or chapel.
The CIO has power to do anything which is calculated to further its objects or is conducive or incidental to doing so. In particular, the CIO’s powers include power to:
(a) encourage London’s residents, workers and visitors to visit, use and enjoy the City churches;
(b) encourage public access by helping publicise and arranging regular opening hours for all the churches and, where appropriate, helping to organise volunteers to staff the churches when open;
(c) help publicise and organise services and events in the City churches;
(d) produce literature and promotional material to further interest;
(e) assist with repair, maintenance, reconstruction or refurbishing of any of the City churches or any part thereof;
(f) raise funds and invite and receive contributions from within the United Kingdom and abroad, provided that in raising funds it shall not undertake any substantial permanent trading act;
(g) co-operate with and support bodies with similar or related objects;
(h) borrow money and to charge the whole or any part of its property as security for the repayment of the money borrowed. The CIO must comply as appropriate with sections 124 and 125 of the Charities Act 2011 if it wishes to mortgage land;
(i) buy, take on lease or in exchange, hire or otherwise acquire any property and to maintain and equip it for use;
(j) sell, lease or otherwise dispose of all or any part of the property belonging to the CIO. In exercising this power, the CIO must comply as appropriate with sections 117 and 119-123 of the Charities Act 2011;
(k) employ and remunerate such staff as are necessary for carrying out the work of the CIO. The CIO may employ or remunerate a charity trustee only to the extent that it is permitted to do so by clause 6 (Benefits and payments to charity trustees and connected persons) and provided it complies with the conditions of that clause;
(l) deposit or invest funds, employ a professional fund-manager, and arrange for the investments or other property of the CIO to be held in the name of a nominee, in the same manner and subject to the same conditions as the trustees of a trust are permitted to do by the Trustee Act 2000; and
(m) do such other lawful things as may be necessary or incidental for the attainment of the objects.
5.1 The income and property of the CIO must be applied solely towards the promotion of the objects.
(a) A charity trustee is entitled to be reimbursed from the property of the CIO or may pay out of such property reasonable expenses properly incurred by him or her when acting on behalf of the CIO.
(b) A charity trustee may benefit from trustee indemnity insurance cover purchased at the CIO’s expense in accordance with, and subject to the conditions in, section 189 of the Charities Act 2011.
5.2 None of the income or property of the CIO may be paid or transferred directly or indirectly by way of dividend, bonus or otherwise by way of profit to any member of the CIO. This does not prevent a member who is not also a charity trustee receiving:
(a) a benefit from the CIO as a beneficiary of the CIO;
(b) reasonable and proper remuneration for any goods or services supplied to the CIO.
5.3 Nothing in this clause shall prevent a charity trustee or connected person receiving any benefit or payment which is authorised by Clause 6.
6.1 General provisions
No charity trustee or connected person may:
(a) buy or receive any goods or services from the CIO on terms preferential to those applicable to members of the public;
(b) sell goods, services, or any interest in land to the CIO;
(c) be employed by, or receive any remuneration from, the CIO;
(d) receive any other financial benefit from the CIO,
unless the payment or benefit is permitted by clause 6.2, or authorised by the court or the Charity Commission (“the Commission”). In this clause, a “financial benefit” means a benefit, direct or indirect, which is either money or has a monetary value.
6.2 Scope and powers permitting trustees’ or connected persons’ benefits
(a) A charity trustee or connected person may receive a benefit from the CIO as a beneficiary of the CIO provided that it is available generally to the beneficiaries of the CIO.
(b) A charity trustee or connected person may enter into a contract for the supply of services, or of goods that are supplied in connection with the provision of services, to the CIO where that is permitted in accordance with, and subject to the conditions in, section 185 to 188 of the Charities Act 2011.
(c) Subject to clause 6.3 a charity trustee or connected person may provide the CIO with goods that are not supplied in connection with services provided to the CIO by the charity trustee or connected person.
(d) A charity trustee or connected person may receive interest on money lent to the CIO at a reasonable and proper rate which must be not more than the Bank of England bank rate (also known as the base rate).
(e) A charity trustee or connected person may receive rent for premises let by the trustee or connected person to the CIO. The amount of the rent and the other terms of the lease must be reasonable and proper. The charity trustee concerned must withdraw from any meeting at which such a proposal or the rent or other terms of the lease are under discussion.
(f) A charity trustee or connected person may take part in the normal trading and fundraising activities of the CIO on the same terms as members of the public.
6.3 Payment for supply of goods only – controls
The CIO and its charity trustees may only rely upon the authority provided by clause (c) if each of the following conditions is satisfied:
(a) The amount or maximum amount of the payment for the goods is set out in a written agreement between the CIO and the charity trustee or connected person supplying the goods (“the supplier”).
(b) The amount or maximum amount of the payment for the goods does not exceed what is reasonable in the circumstances for the supply of the goods in question.
(c) The other charity trustees are satisfied that it is in the best interests of the CIO to contract with the supplier rather than with someone who is not a charity trustee or connected person. In reaching that decision the charity trustees must balance the advantage of contracting with a charity trustee or connected person against the disadvantages of doing so.
(d) The supplier is absent from the part of any meeting at which there is discussion of the proposal to enter into a contract or arrangement with him or her or it with regard to the supply of goods to the CIO.
(e) The supplier does not vote on any such matter and is not to be counted when calculating whether a quorum of charity trustees is present at the meeting.
(f) The reason for their decision is recorded by the charity trustees in the minute book.
(g) A majority of the charity trustees then in office are not in receipt of remuneration or payments authorised by clause 6.
6.4 In clauses 6.2 and 6.3:
(a) “the CIO” includes any company in which the CIO:
(i) holds more than 50% of the shares; or
(ii) controls more than 50% of the voting rights attached to the shares; or
(iii) has the right to appoint one or more directors to the board of the company;
(b) “connected person” includes any person within the definition set out in clause 30 (Interpretation).
A charity trustee must:
(a) declare the nature and extent of any interest, direct or indirect, which he or she has in a proposed transaction or arrangement with the CIO or in any transaction or arrangement entered into by the CIO which has not previously been declared; and
(b) absent himself or herself from any discussions of the charity trustees in which it is possible that a conflict of interest will arise between his or her duty to act solely in the interests of the CIO and any personal interest (including but not limited to any financial interest).
Any charity trustee absenting himself or herself from any discussions in accordance with this clause must not vote or be counted as part of the quorum in any decision of the charity trustees on the matter.
If the CIO is wound up, the members of the CIO have no liability to contribute to its assets and no personal responsibility for settling its debts and liabilities.
9.1 First Members
The members of The Friends of the City Churches (registered charity number 1050091) for the time being shall automatically become the first members of the CIO.
9.2 Admission of the new members
Application for membership of the CIO may be made by anyone who is interested in furthering its purposes, and who, by applying for membership, has indicated his, her or its agreement to become a member and acceptance of the duty of members set out in clause 9.4.
A member may be an individual, a corporate body, or an individual or corporate body representing an organisation which is not incorporated.
Life members may be elected at the discretion of the charity trustees upon payment of the appropriate fee.
Honorary members may be elected at the discretion of the charity trustees.
All members, except honorary members, shall be eligible for election as a charity trustee.
9.2.2 Admission procedure
The charity trustees:
(a) may require applications for membership to be made in any reasonable way that they decide;
(b) may refuse an application for membership if they believe that it is in the best interests of the CIO for them to do so;
(c) shall, if they decide to refuse an application for membership, give the applicant their reasons for doing so, within 21 days of the decision being taken, and give the applicant the opportunity to appeal against the refusal; and
(d) shall give fair consideration to any such appeal, and shall inform the applicant of their decision, but any decision to confirm refusal of the application for membership shall be final.
9.3 Transfer of membership
Membership of the CIO cannot be transferred to anyone else except in the case of an individual or corporate body representing an organisation which is not incorporated, whose membership may be transferred by the unincorporated organisation to a new representative. Such transfer of membership does not take effect until the CIO has received written notification of the transfer.
9.4 Duty of members
It is the duty of each member of the CIO to exercise his or her powers as a member of the CIO in the way he or she decides in good faith would be most likely to further the purposes of the CIO.
9.5 Termination of membership
9.5.1 Membership of the CIO comes to an end if:
(a) the member dies, or, in the case of an organisation (or the representative of an organisation) that organisation ceases to exist; or
(b) the member sends a notice of resignation to the charity trustees; or
(c) any sum of money owed by the member to the CIO is not paid in full within six months of its falling due; or
(d) the charity trustees decide that it is in the best interests of the CIO that the member in question should be removed from membership, and pass a resolution to that effect.
9.5.2 Before the charity trustees take any decision to remove someone from membership of the CIO they must:
(a) inform the member of the reasons why it is proposed to remove him, her or it from membership;
(b) give the member at least 21 clear days’ notice in which to make representations to the charity trustees as to why he, she or it should not be removed from membership;
(c) at a duly constituted meeting of the charity trustees, consider whether or not the member should be removed from membership;
(d) consider at that meeting any representations which the member makes as to why the member should not be removed; and
(e) allow the member, or the member’s representative, to make those representations in person at that meeting, if the member so chooses.
9.6 Membership fees
9.6.1 Members admitted under clause 9.2.2 shall pay an initial subscription upon joining, and thereafter an annual subscription on a specified date in the next and each successive calendar year.
9.6.2 The rate of the initial and annual subscriptions shall be determined from time to time by the CIO at a general meeting on the basis of a proposal by the charity trustees.
10.1 General provisions
Except for those decisions that must be taken in a particular way as indicated in clause 10.3, decisions of the members of the CIO may be taken by vote at a general meeting as provided in clause 10.2.
10.2 Taking ordinary decisions by vote
Subject to clause 10.3 any decision of the members of the CIO may be taken by means of a resolution at a general meeting. Such a resolution may be passed by a simple majority of votes cast by the members present at the meeting.
10.3 Decisions that must be taken in a particular way
(a) Any decision to remove a trustee must be taken in accordance with clause 15.3.
(b) Any decision to amend this constitution must be taken in accordance with clause 28 of this constitution (Amendment of Constitution).
(c) Any decision to wind up or dissolve the CIO must be taken in accordance with clause 29 of this constitution (Voluntary winding up or dissolution). Any decision to amalgamate or transfer the undertaking of the CIO to one or more other CIOs must be taken in accordance with the provisions of the Charities Act 2011.
11.1 Types of general meeting
There must be an annual general meeting (AGM) of the members of the CIO. The first AGM must be held within 18 months of the registration of the CIO, and subsequent AGMs must be held at intervals of not more than 15 months. The AGM must receive the annual statement of accounts (duly audited or examined where applicable) and the trustees’ annual report, and must elect trustees as required under clause 13.1.
Other general meetings of the members of the CIO may be held at any time.
All general meetings must be held in accordance with the following provisions.
11.2 Calling general meetings
(a) The charity trustees:
(i) must call the annual general meeting of the members of the CIO in accordance with clause 11.1, and identify it as such in the notice of the meeting; and
(ii) may call any other general meeting of the members at any time
(b) The charity trustees must, within 21 days, call a general meeting of the members of the CIO if:
(i) they receive a request to do so from at least 25% of the members of the CIO; and
(ii) the request states the general nature of the business to be dealt with at the meeting, and is authenticated by the member(s) making the request.
(c) If, at the time of any such request, there has not been any general meeting of the members of the CIO for more than 12 months, then sub-clause (b)(i) of this clause shall have effect as if 5% were substituted for 25%
(d) Any such request may include particulars of a resolution that may properly be proposed, and is intended to be proposed, at the meeting.
(e) A resolution may only properly be proposed if it is lawful, and is not defamatory, frivolous or vexatious
(f) Any general meeting called by the charity trustees at the request of the members of the CIO must be held within 28 days from the date on which it is called.
(g) If the charity trustees fail to comply with this obligation to call a general meeting at the request of its members, then the members who requested the meeting may themselves call a general meeting.
(h) A general meeting called in this way must be held not more than 3 months after the date when the members first requested the meeting.
(i) The CIO must reimburse any reasonable expenses incurred by the members calling a general meeting by reason of the failure of the charity trustees to duly call the meeting, but the CIO shall be entitled to be indemnified by the charity trustees who were responsible for such failure.
11.3 Notice of general meetings
(a) The charity trustees, or, as the case may be, the relevant members of the CIO, must give at least 14 clear days’ notice of any general meeting to all of the members, and to any charity trustee of the CIO who is not a member.
(b) If it is agreed by not less than 90% of all members of the CIO, any resolution may be proposed and passed at the meeting even though the requirements of sub-clause (a) of this clause have not been met. This sub-clause does not apply where a specified period of notice is strictly required by another clause in this constitution, by the Charities Act 2011 or by the General Regulations.
(c) The notice of any general meeting must:
(i) state the time and date of the meeting;
(ii) give the address at which the meeting is to take place;
(iii) give particulars of any resolution which is to be moved at the meeting, and of the general nature of any other business to be dealt with at the meeting;
(iv) if a proposal to alter the constitution of the CIO is to be considered at the meeting, include the text of the proposed alteration; and
(v) in the case of an AGM, include the annual statement of accounts and trustees’ annual report and details of persons standing for election or re-election as trustee.
(d) Proof that an envelope containing a notice was properly addressed, prepaid and posted, shall be conclusive evidence that the notice was given. Notice shall be deemed to be given 48 hours after it was posted or sent.
(e) The proceedings of a meeting shall not be invalidated because a member who was entitled to receive notice of the meeting did not receive it because of accidental omission by the CIO.
11.4 Chairing of general meetings
The person elected as Chairman under clause 13 (Appointment of trustees) shall, if present at the general meeting and willing to act, preside as chair of the meeting. If the elected Chairman is not present or is unwilling, the Vice Chairman elected under clause 13 shall act as chair. If neither are present or both are unwilling the members of the CIO who are present at a general meeting shall elect a chair to preside at the meeting.
11.5 Quorum at general meetings
(a) No business may be transacted at any general meeting of the members of the CIO unless a quorum is present when the meeting starts.
(b) Subject to the following provisions, the quorum for general meetings shall be the greater of 2% or twenty-five members. An organisation represented by a person present at the meeting in accordance with clause 11.7, is counted as being present in person.
(c) If the meeting has been called by or at the request of the members and a quorum is not present within 15 minutes of the starting time specified in the notice of the meeting, the meeting is closed.
(d) If the meeting has been called in any other way and a quorum is not present within 15 minutes of the starting time specified in the notice of the meeting, the chair must adjourn the meeting. The date, time and place at which the meeting will resume must be notified to the CIO’s members at least seven clear days before the date on which it will resume.
(e) If a quorum is not present within 15 minutes of the start time of the adjourned meeting, the member or members present at the meeting constitute a quorum.
(f) If at any time during the meeting a quorum ceases to be present, the meeting may discuss issues and make recommendations to the trustees but may not make any decisions. If decisions are required which must be made by a meeting of the members, the meeting must be adjourned.
11.6 Voting at general meetings
(a) Any decision other than one falling within clause 10.3 (Decisions that must be taken in a particular way) shall be taken by a simple majority of votes cast by members present at the meeting. Every member has one vote.
(b) A resolution put to the vote of a meeting shall be decided on a show of hands, unless (before or on the declaration of the result of the show of hands) a poll is duly demanded. A poll may be demanded by the chair or by at least 10% of the members present in person or by proxy at the meeting.
(c) A poll demanded on the election of a person to chair the meeting or on a question of adjournment must be taken immediately. A poll on any other matter shall be taken, and the result of the poll shall be announced, in such manner as the chair of the meeting shall decide, provided that the poll must be taken, and the result of the poll announced, within 30 days of the demand of the poll.
(d) A poll may be taken:
(i) at the meeting at which it was demanded; or
(ii) at some other time and place specified by the chair.
(e) In the event of an equality of votes, whether on a show of hands or on a poll, the chair of the meeting shall have a second, or casting vote.
(f) Any objection to the qualification of any voter must be raised at the meeting at which the vote is cast and the decision of the chair of the meeting shall be final.
11.7 Representation of organisations and corporate members
An organisation or a corporate body that is a member of the CIO may, in accordance with its usual decision-making process, authorise a person to act as its representative at any general meeting of the CIO.
The representative is entitled to exercise the same powers on behalf of the organisation or corporate body as the organisation or corporate body could exercise as an individual member of the CIO.
11.8 Adjournment of meetings
The chair may with the consent of a meeting at which a quorum is present (and shall if so directed by the meeting) adjourn the meeting to another time and/or place. No business may be transacted at an adjourned meeting except business which could properly have been transacted at the original meeting.
12.1 Functions and duties of charity trustees
The charity trustees shall manage the affairs of the CIO and may for that purpose exercise all the powers of the CIO. It is the duty of each charity trustee:
(a) to exercise his or her powers and to perform his or her functions as a trustee of the CIO in the way he or she decides in good faith would be most likely to further the purposes of the CIO; and
(b) to exercise, in the performance of those functions, such care and skill as is reasonable in the circumstances having regard in particular to:
(i) any special knowledge or experience that he or she has or holds himself or herself out as having; and
(ii) if he or she acts as a charity trustee of the CIO in the course of a business or profession, to any special knowledge or experience that it is reasonable to expect of a person acting in the course of that kind of business or profession.
12.2 Eligibility for trusteeship
(a) Every charity trustee must be a natural person.
(b) No one may be elected or re-elected (under clause 13.1), appointed (under clause 13.3 or 13.4) or nominated (under clause 13.6) as a charity trustee
(i) if he or she is under the age of 16 years; or
(ii) if he or she would automatically cease to hold office under the provisions of clause 15.1(f).
(c) No one is entitled to act as a charity trustee whether on appointment or on any re-appointment until he or she has expressly acknowledged, in whatever way the charity trustees decide, his or her acceptance of the office of charity trustee.
(d) At least one of the trustees of the CIO must be 18 years of age or over. If there is no trustee aged at least 18 years, the remaining trustee or trustees may act only to call a meeting (under clause 14) of the charity trustees, or appoint a new charity trustee.
12.3 Number of charity trustees
(a) There should be:
(i) not fewer than five nor more than ten elected charity trustees;
(ii) up to four ex officio trustees; and
(iii) up to three nominated trustees.
(b) There must be at least five charity trustees. If the number falls below this minimum, the remaining trustee or trustees may act only to call a meeting of the charity trustees, or appoint a new charity trustee.
(c) The maximum number of charity trustees that can be appointed is as provided in sub-clause (a) of this clause. No trustee appointment may be made in excess of these provisions.
12.4 First charity trustees
The first charity trustees of the CIO and their initial terms of appointment are as follows:
Mr Oliver Leigh-Wood (Chairman) to AGM 2014
Dr Paul Douglas Simmons (Vice Chairman) to AGM 2015
Mr Neil Twentyman Graham (Treasurer) to AGM 2016
Ms Elizabeth Simpson (Secretary) to AGM 2016
Mr David Leslie Cutler (Honorary Treasurer) to AGM 2016
Mrs Nancy Jane Branson to AGM 2014
Ms Signe Kjaere Hoffos to AGM 2014
Mr David Jessop to AGM 2016
Mrs Mary Elizabeth Milne-Day to AGM 2015
Mr John Arthur Cecil Reynolds to AGM 2016
Mr David Salter to AGM 2015
Mr Antony Jon Tucker to AGM 2014
Mr Brian Malcolm Evans to AGM 2016
13.1 At each annual general meeting of the CIO the retiring trustees may stand for re- election, and other members of the CIO qualifying under clause 12.2 may stand for election. The vacancies so arising in the elected charity trustees and the ex-officio trustees may be filled by a decision of the members, provided that the limit specified in clause 12.3 is not exceeded.
13.2 The term of election or re-election under clause 13.1 shall be three years. Where a new trustee is appointed under clause 13.3 in place of a trustee who leaves before the end of their elected term, the new trustee shall serve for the unexpired portion of that term and then be eligible for re-election.
13.3 The charity trustees may at any time decide to appoint a new charity trustee to fill a vacancy
(i) remaining after an election held under clause 13.1, or
(ii) due to the retirement or removal of a trustee under clause 15 (Retirement and Removal of charity trustees).
13.4 The charity trustees may at any time decide to appoint an additional trustee, provided that the limit specified in clause 12.3 is not exceeded. A trustee so appointed shall retire at the next annual general meeting but may stand for election provided they qualify under clause 12.2.
13.5 Ex officio trustees
(a) The Chairman, Vice Chairman, Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer for the time being shall serve as ex officio trustees under clause 12.3(a)(ii).
(b) An ex officio trustee has the same duty as other charity trustees under clause 12.1.
13.6 Nominated charity trustees
(a) The charity trustees may invite up to three organisations or corporate bodies (“nominating bodies”) to nominate one individual each as a trustee under clause 12.3(a)(iii).
(b) Any nomination must be made at a meeting held according to the ordinary practice of the nominating body.
(c) The person nominated need not be a member of the nominating body.
(d) The charity trustees shall appoint the nominated person as a charity trustee replacing any previous nominee of the nominating body effective from the later of:
(i) the date of the vacancy, or
(ii) the date on which the CIO is informed of the nomination.
(e) Each appointment of a nominated charity trustee shall be for a term of three years.
(f) A trustee appointed under this clause has the same duty as the other charity trustees under clause 12.1 to act in the way he or she decides in good faith would be most likely to further the purposes of the CIO.
The charity trustees shall make available to each new charity trustee on or before first appointment:
(a) a copy of this constitution and any amendments made to it;
(b) a copy of the CIO’s latest trustees’ annual report and statement of accounts.
15.1 A charity trustee ceases to hold office if he or she:
(a) retires by notifying the CIO in writing (but only if enough charity trustees will remain in office when the notice of resignation takes effect to form a quorum for meetings);
(b) is absent without the permission of the charity trustees from all their meetings held within a period of six months and the trustees resolve that his or her office be vacated;
(d) in the written opinion, given to the CIO, of a registered medical practitioner treating that person, has become physically or mentally incapable of acting as a charity trustee and may remain so for more than three months
(e) is removed by the members of the CIO in accordance with clause 15.3; or
(f) is disqualified from acting as a charity trustee by virtue of section 178-180 of the Charities Act 2011.
15.2 The charity trustees may resolve to suspend the appointment of a charity trustee and propose the removal of such charity trustee under clause 15.3 at the following general meeting. Such charity trustee shall be suspended immediately on passing of such resolution by the charity trustees.
15.3 Following a proposal under clause 15.2, the individual concerned shall be removed from office if a resolution to remove that trustee is proposed at a general meeting of the members called for that purpose and properly convened in accordance with clause 11, and the resolution is passed by three-quarters majority of votes cast by the members present at the meeting.
15.4 A resolution under clause 15.3 passed by the CIO at a general meeting shall not take effect unless the individual concerned has been given at least 14 clear days’ notice in writing that the resolution is to be proposed, specifying the circumstances alleged to justify removal from office, and has been given a reasonable opportunity of making oral and/or written representations to the members of the CIO.
Any decision may be taken either:
(i) at a meeting of the charity trustees by simple majority of those present, the chair having a casting vote in the event of an equality of votes, or
(ii) by resolution in writing or electronic form agreed by all of the charity trustees, which may comprise either a single document or several documents containing the text of the resolution in the form to each of which one or more charity trustees has signified their agreement.
17.1 The charity trustees may delegate any of their powers or functions to a committee or committees, and, if they do, they must determine the terms and conditions on which the delegation is made. The charity trustees may at any time alter those terms and conditions, or revoke the delegation.
17.2 This power is in addition to the power of delegation in the General Regulations and any other power of delegation available to the charity trustees, but is subject to the following requirements:
(a) a committee may consist of two or more persons, but at least one member of each committee must be a charity trustee;
(b) the acts and proceedings of any committee must be brought to the attention of the charity trustees as a whole as soon as is reasonably practicable; and
(c) the charity trustees shall from time to time review the arrangements which they have made for the delegation of their powers.
18.1 Calling meetings
(a) Any charity trustee may call a meeting of the charity trustees.
(b) Subject to that, the charity trustees shall decide how their meetings are to be called, and what notice is required.
18.2 Chairing of meetings
The Chairman shall normally chair meetings of the charity trustees. In his absence the Vice Chairman should chair the meeting. If he is not present either, then the trustees present may appoint one of their number to chair the meeting.
18.3 Procedure at meetings
(a) No decision shall be taken at a meeting unless a quorum is present at the time when the decision is taken. The quorum is five, including at least two ex officio charity trustees, or such larger number as the charity trustees may decide from time to time. A charity trustee shall not be counted in the quorum present when any decision is made about a matter upon which he or she is not entitled to vote.
(b) Questions arising at a meeting shall be decided by a majority of those eligible to vote. In the case of an equality of votes, the chair shall have a second or casting vote.
19.1 Subject to clause 19.2, all decisions of the charity trustees, or of a committee of charity trustees, shall be valid notwithstanding the participation in any vote of a charity trustee:
(a) who was disqualified from holding office;
(b) who had previously retired or who had been obliged by the constitution to vacate office;
(c) who was not entitled to vote on the matter, whether by reason of a conflict of interest or otherwise;
if, without the vote of that charity trustee and that charity trustee being counted in the quorum, the decision has been made by a majority of the charity trustees at a quorate meeting.
19.2 Clause 19.1 does not permit a charity trustee to keep any benefit that may be conferred upon him or her by a resolution of the charity trustees or of a committee of charity trustees if, but for clause 19.1, the resolution would have been void, or if the charity trustee has not complied with clause 7 (Conflicts of interest).
The charity trustees may invite any suitable person to hold the honorific position of Patron, President or Vice President or as a member of a Committee of Honour. Such appointment shall not confer membership of the CIO or any voting right under this constitution.
21.1 The CIO shall execute documents either by signature or by affixing its seal (if it has one).
21.2 A document is validly executed by signature if it is signed by at least two of the charity trustees.
21.3 If the CIO has a seal:
(a) it must comply with the provisions of the General Regulations; and
(b) it must only be used by the authority of the charity trustees or of a committee of charity trustees duly authorised by the charity trustees. The charity trustees may determine who shall sign any document to which the seal is affixed and unless otherwise determined it shall be signed by two charity trustees.
The CIO will comply with the requirements of the Communications Provisions in the General Regulations and in particular:
(a) the requirement to provide within 21 days to any member on request a hard copy of any document or information sent to the member otherwise than in hard copy form;
(b) any requirements to provide information to the Commission in a particular form or manner.
22.2 To the CIO
Any member or charity trustee of the CIO may communicate electronically with the CIO to an address specified by the CIO for the purpose, so long as the communication is authenticated in a manner which is satisfactory to the CIO.
22.3 By the CIO
Any member or charity trustee of the CIO, by providing the CIO with his or her email address or similar, is taken to have agreed to receive communications from the CIO in electronic form at that address.
22.4 The charity trustees may, subject to compliance with any legal requirements, by means of publication on its website, provide members with the notice referred to in Clause 11 (3) (notice of general meetings).
The CIO must comply with its obligations under the General Regulations in relation to the keeping of, and provision of access to, registers of its members and charity trustees.
The charity trustees must keep minutes of all:
(a) appointments of officers made by the charity trustees;
(b) proceedings at general meetings of the CIO;
(c) meetings of the charity trustees and committees of charity trustees including:
(i) the names of the trustees present at the meeting;
(ii) the decisions made at the meetings; and
(iii) where appropriate the reasons for the decisions;
(d) decisions made by the charity trustees otherwise than in meetings.
25.1 The charity trustees must comply with the requirements of the Charities Act 2011 with regard to the keeping of accounting records, to the preparation and scrutiny of statements of accounts, and to the preparation of annual reports and returns. The statements of accounts, reports and returns must be sent to the Charity Commission, regardless of the income of the CIO, within 10 months of the financial year end.
25.2 The charity trustees must comply with their obligation to inform the Commission within 28 days of any change in the particulars of the CIO entered on the Central Register of Charities.
The charity trustees may from time to time make such reasonable and proper rules or byelaws as they may deem necessary or expedient for the proper conduct and management of the CIO, but such rules or bye laws must not be inconsistent with any provision of this constitution. Copies of any such rules or bye laws currently in force must be made available to any member of the CIO on request.
If a dispute arises between members of the CIO about the validity or propriety of anything done by the members under this constitution, and the dispute cannot be resolved by agreement, the parties to the dispute must first try in good faith to settle the dispute by mediation before resorting to litigation.
28.1 This constitution can only be amended by a resolution passed by a 75% majority of those votes cast at a general meeting of the members of the CIO.
28.2 Any alteration of clause 3 (Objects), clause 29 (Voluntary winding up or dissolution), this clause, or of any provision where the alteration would provide authorisation for any benefit to be obtained by charity trustees or members of the CIO or persons connected with them, requires the prior written consent of the Charity Commission.
28.3 No amendment that is inconsistent with the provisions of the Charities Act 2011 or the General Regulations shall be valid.
28.4 A copy of any resolution altering the constitution, together with a copy of the CIO’s constitution as amended, must be sent to the Commission within 15 days from the date on which the resolution is passed. The amendment does not take effect until it has been recorded in the Register of Charities.
29.1 As provided by the Dissolution Regulations, the CIO may be dissolved by resolution of its members. Any decision by the members to wind up or dissolve the CIO can only be made at a general meeting of the members of the CIO called in accordance with clause 11 (Meetings of Members), of which not less than 14 days’ notice has been given to those eligible to attend and vote:
(i) by a resolution passed by a 75% majority of those voting, or
(ii) by a resolution passed by decision taken without a vote and without any expression of dissent in response to the question put to the general meeting;
29.2 Subject to the payment of all the CIO’s debts:
Any resolution for the winding up of the CIO, or for the dissolution of the CIO without winding up, may contain a provision directing how any remaining assets of the CIO shall be applied.
(a) If the resolution does not contain such a provision, the charity trustees must decide how any remaining assets of the CIO shall be applied
(b) In either case the remaining assets must be applied for charitable purposes the same as or similar to those of the CIO.
29.3 The CIO must observe the requirements of the Dissolution Regulations in applying to the Commission for the CIO to be removed from the Register of Charities, and in particular:
(a) the charity trustees must send with their application to the Commission:
(i) a copy of the resolution passed by the members of the CIO;
(ii) a declaration by the charity trustees that any debts and other liabilities of the CIO have been settled or otherwise provided for in full; and
(iii) a statement by the charity trustees setting out the way in which any property of the CIO has been or is to be applied prior to its dissolution in accordance with this constitution;
(b) the charity trustees must ensure that a copy of the application is sent within seven days to every member and employee of the CIO, and to any charity trustee of the CIO who was not privy to the application.
29.4 If the CIO is to be wound up or dissolved in any other circumstances, the provisions of the Dissolution Regulations must be followed.
In this constitution:
“connected person” means:
(a) a child, parent, grandchild, grandparent, brother or sister of the charity trustee;
(b) the spouse or civil partner of the charity trustee or of any person falling within sub-clause (a) above;
(c) a person carrying on business in partnership with the charity trustee or with any person falling within sub-clause (a) or (b) above;
(d) an institution which is controlled:
(i) by the charity trustee or any connected person falling within sub-clause (a), (b) or (c) above; or
(ii) by two or more persons falling within sub-clause (d)(i), when taken together
(e) a body corporate in which:
(i) the charity trustee or any connected person failing within sub-clauses (a) to (c) has a substantial interest; or
(ii) two or more persons falling within sub-clause (e)(i) who, when taken together, have a substantial interest.
Section 118 of the Charities Act 2011 applies for the purposes of interpreting the terms used in this constitution.
“General Regulations” means the Charitable Incorporated Organisations (General) Regulations 2012.
“Dissolution Regulations” means the Charitable Incorporated Organisations (Insolvency and Dissolution) Regulations 2012.
The “Communications Provisions” means the Communications Provisions in Part 9 of the General Regulations.
“charity trustee” means a charity trustee of the CIO.
A “poll” means a counted vote or ballot, usually (but not necessarily) in writing.
References to an Act of Parliament are to that Act as amended or re-enacted from time to time and to any subordinate legislation made under it.